1900 AD, the famous Egyptologists discovered the tomb of William Petrie Merneith and by nature he believed belonged to a previously unknown pharaoh of the first dynasty. When it turned out that Merneith was a woman, she became one of the most controversial royalty Early Dynastic period: when his reign? How did you achieve power? The name was first thought to be a King, which caused some confusion in the order of the first rulers of the dynasty. Later it turned out that his name was Merneith the King & # 39; s mother, because a lot of seals found in the tomb of King Den.
Not only Djet his royal wife, but she was the mother of Den. The researchers linked Merneith & # 39; s family jellegzetességeinkben Djerba, Djet and Den. King was the father of Djerba, but no hard evidence. However, because of his mother's Den, he is more than likely that the wife of King Djet.
Merneith believe that the ruling will be after the death of her husband, Djet the thirtieth century. The title, however, was disputed. It is possible that your son Den was too young to rule Djet when he died, so he is ruled Den Governor until he was old enough to be the king in his own right.
The strongest evidence that Merneith was ruling Egypt Abydos in his tomb (Tomb Y), which is unique in the otherwise exclusively male graves. When his tomb was excavated, it was empty, but it turned out that the underground cavity is lined with mud bricks, which is surrounded by rows of small satellites at least 40 burials subsidiary graves. The servants thought to assist the ruler in the afterlife. The burial of slaves was a consistent practice prevailing in the tombs of the early first dynasty of pharaohs. Large numbers of sacrificial devices buried in the tomb complex, which is a privilege granted to other pharaohs if the prevailing strong animals to eternal life.
It was the custom that the early dynastic rulers in two tombs, one of the actual tomb and the other acts as a tomb. MeritNit Shofar is the only woman who has been commemorated in this way. He was given a burial structure Abydos and Sakkara.
Her funerary monument at Saqqara burial were craftsmen dedicated to working with him in the afterlife, and a solar-powered boat that will travel the sun god in the afterlife. The latter were usually themselves the right of the king, and this is an indication that he could be a very good governor and was a very powerful ruler.
These include evidence that Merneith ruled Egypt in the tomb was sealed Den son. The seal contains a list of top Merneith kings of the dynasty. Merneith & # 39; and his name was the only name on the list for women. He reigned but did not give his name appears as the "King & # 39;. And his mother '
Information about outside the Abydos, Saqqara except in very limited. His name was known that it means popular Neith and his stela contained the symbol of the deity. It indicates that there are already some force to the lower part of Egypt, specifically Sais where Nit cult center was located.
Therefore, only the two tombs and two stelas induce to think he was a person in a state quite similar to that of the king. In fact it is likely that the mentality of the ancient Egyptian rule in her condition never accepted or recognized.